What is Cardano (ADA)?

This guide delves into Cardano's evolution, highlighting its breakthroughs in blockchain technology, its challenges and triumphs in gaining global financial recognition, and its promising future in reshaping finance and technology.


Cardano, launched in 2017 by Charles Hoskinson, a co-founder of Ethereum, represents a forward-thinking approach to blockchain technology and cryptocurrency. It distinguishes itself by emphasizing a research-driven and peer-reviewed development process, aiming to offer a more secure, scalable, and sustainable blockchain platform. Cardano is built on the Ouroboros proof-of-stake (PoS) technology, which is designed to be more energy-efficient than the proof-of-work (PoW) model used by Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. This innovative platform supports the development of decentralized applications (DApps) and smart contracts, aiming to create a more secure and transparent global financial system. Cardano’s ADA token facilitates peer-to-peer transactions and acts as a stake in the network’s consensus mechanism, allowing holders to participate in the operation of the network.  

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History and development: Who created Cardano (ADA) and how has it evolved? 

Who are the founders of Cardano (ADA)?   

Cardano was founded by Charles Hoskinson, who was also a co-founder of Ethereum. Hoskinson's vision for Cardano was to build a blockchain platform that would be scalable, sustainable, and interoperable, with a strong foundation in academic research and formal verification methods. The development of Cardano is overseen by three organizations: IOHK (Input Output Hong Kong), The Cardano Foundation, and Emurgo. IOHK focuses on the technological development of Cardano until 2020, The Cardano Foundation oversees the promotion of Cardano and the growth of its community, and Emurgo works to foster commercial adoption. 

How has Cardano (ADA) changed since its inception?  

Since its inception, Cardano has undergone significant development phases, named after historical figures in the arts and sciences, including Byron, Shelley, Goguen, Basho, and Voltaire. Each phase focuses on enhancing various aspects of the network, such as decentralization, smart contract functionality, scalability, and governance. 
Cardano's evolution is marked by its phased development approach:

  • Byron established the foundation of the network, enabling the first ADA transactions.
  • Shelley focused on decentralization, introducing the Ouroboros PoS mechanism to the network.
  • Goguen brought smart contract functionality, enabling developers to build DApps on Cardano.
  • Basho and Voltaire are aimed at improving scalability and introducing a governance model that will allow the Cardano community to vote on future development and funding proposals.
Adoption and partnerships  

Cardano's unique approach to blockchain development has fostered partnerships across various sectors, including education, finance, and healthcare, aiming to leverage blockchain technology for real-world applications. These partnerships are focused on utilizing Cardano's secure and scalable blockchain for solutions such as digital identity systems, supply chain tracking, and verifiable credential platforms.  

Technical Insights: How does Cardano (ADA) work?

Underlying technology  

Cardano is built on a multilayer architecture, allowing for a separation between the ledger of account values and the reason behind the movements of those values (smart contracts). This separation enhances the flexibility and scalability of the platform.

  • Ouroboros Proof of Stake: Cardano's consensus mechanism, Ouroboros, is a scientifically researched PoS protocol that emphasizes security, efficiency, and scalability. It significantly reduces the energy consumption associated with proof-of-work (PoW) systems like Bitcoin.
  • Smart Contracts and DApps: With the integration of smart contracts, Cardano enables the creation of complex, programmable value exchanges, opening the door for a wide range of decentralized applications and services.
How are Cardano (ADA) tokens created and distributed?   
  • Mining: Cardano does not utilize a mining-based consensus mechanism like Bitcoin. Instead, it employs a Proof of Stake (PoS) protocol called Ouroboros. In the Ouroboros protocol, new ADA tokens are minted through staking, where ADA holders delegate their tokens to stake pools, which participate in block production and transaction validation.
  • Supply Limits: Similar to Bitcoin, Cardano has a maximum supply cap to control inflation and ensure scarcity. The total supply of ADA tokens is capped at 45 billion ADA. However, unlike Bitcoin's fixed supply, Cardano's supply is subject to inflation through staking rewards, which incentivize participation in the network.
  • Staking Rewards: ADA holders can earn rewards by delegating their tokens to stake pools or by operating their own pools. These rewards are distributed as newly minted ADA tokens, incentivizing participation in the network's security and governance processes.
  • Distribution: ADA tokens were initially distributed through a public sale in 2017. Following the sale, ADA tokens have been distributed through staking rewards and other network activities. As of now, ADA tokens continue to be distributed through staking rewards and network fees.
  • Staking Mechanisms: Cardano's consensus mechanism, Ouroboros, relies on Proof of Stake (PoS) rather than Proof of Work (PoW). This means that ADA holders can participate in block production and transaction validation by staking their tokens and delegating them to stake pools. Unlike PoW, PoS does not require energy-intensive mining activities, making it more environmentally friendly and accessible to a broader range of participants. 

Use Cases and Applications: What can Cardano (ADA) be used for?

What are the main use cases of Cardano (ADA)?  

Cardano aims to support a wide array of applications, including but not limited to:

  • Financial services through DeFi applications: offering accessible financial services to those who are unbanked or underbanked.
  • Secure and scalable voting systems: leveraging blockchain's transparency and immutability to ensure fair and verifiable elections.
  • Educational credential verification: providing a tamper-proof system for storing and verifying academic credentials.
Real-world adoption of Cardano (ADA)  

Cardano's real-world utility is gradually expanding, with initiatives aimed at addressing issues in education, agriculture, and government operations through blockchain technology. The platform's emphasis on scalability, interoperability, and sustainability positions it as a viable foundation for a broad range of applications, from enterprise solutions to social impact projects.

Regulatory Considerations for Cardano (ADA) As with all cryptocurrencies, Cardano navigates a complex regulatory landscape that varies by jurisdiction. Its development team actively engages with regulatory bodies and policymakers to ensure compliance and promote the adoption of blockchain technology in a legal and ethical manner. 

Regulatory Considerations for Cardano (ADA) 

Recap: Cardano (ADA) core advantages 

  • Scientific Approach: Cardano sets itself apart through its foundation in peer-reviewed academic research, ensuring that its development is methodical and forward-thinking.
  • Sustainability: The Ouroboros PoS consensus mechanism offers a more energy-efficient alternative to traditional PoW systems, aligning with global sustainability goals.
  • Scalability and Interoperability: Cardano is designed to provide high transaction throughput and interoperability between different blockchains, facilitating complex digital economies.
  • Robust Security: The use of formal methods and rigorous security protocols underpins the Cardano network, providing a secure environment for developers and users alike.

Cardano embodies the next generation of blockchain technology, striving to create a more inclusive, equitable, and sustainable global financial system. Its continuous evolution, guided by scientific research and community governance, makes it a compelling platform for the future of decentralized applications. 

Trading Cardano (ADA): How can you buy and store Cardano (ADA)? 

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Storing your Cardano (ADA)  

After investing in Cardano (ADA), the next step is to store your Cardano (ADA) in a secure cryptocurrency wallet. Depending on your own needs, investment amount, and preferences, you can keep your Cardano (ADA) on a trading platform, a physical hardware wallet, or a software wallet.  

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